Description

Aviation Capstone Project Ideas

Runway Management and Safety
Topic: - Improved Models for Risk Assessment of Runway Safety Areas
The RSA is intended to prevent the following five types of events from becoming an accident: landing overruns, landing undershoots, landing veer-offs, take off overruns and takeoff veer offs.

Aviation Maintenance Management
Topic: - Aviation Maintenance Resource Management MRM and It's Impact on Indian Commercial Aviation Safety
The statistics indicate that 80% of aviation accidents are due to human errors with 50% due to maintenance human factor problems. Current human factor management programs have not succeeded to the degree desired.
Topic: - Current Practices and Problem Areas in Aircraft Maintenance Planning and Scheduling–Interfaced/Integrated System Perspective
Aircraft maintenance planning and scheduling constitute planning, control and execution of materials (spare parts), operations (inspection, disassembly and assembly activities) and resources (labour, machines, transport equipment, etc.). This is a complex problem due to large number of components involved at various planning and execution levels, and the size/nature of resource-intensive maintenance projects

Crash Survival Design
Topic: - Aircraft Crash Survival Analysis and Design
Aircraft safety has become increasingly important during the last few decades. An increase in commercial flight accidents have for example also brought to light the need for better aircraft safety measures. For this reason, several studies have been conducted, with the result of new safety measures being implemented for commercial aircraft. Standard safety measures such as seatbelts and structure have been supplemented by revolutionary measures to ensure the safety of passengers and crew alike

TSA Demonstration Effectiveness
Topic: - TSA Is Taking Steps to Improve Expedited Screening Effectiveness
In 2015, TSA screened or oversaw thescreening of more than 708 million passengers at more than 450 U.S airports. In carrying out the screening process, TSA is responsible for ensuring the security of civil aviation while also managing the efficient flow of passengers.

Unmanned Aircrafts
Topic: - An Exploration of Commercial Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) Through Life Cycle Assessments
Within the past ten years interest in commercial utilization of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) has skyrocketed. Many large corporations such as Google, Amazon, and Domino’s Pizza have taken to the challenge of integrating drones into their businesses. Drones have potential in the private business sector in terms of improving security, reducing business costs, and reducing time-to-market.

Aerobatics Physics And History
Topic: - Automatic Control for Aerobatic Manoeuvring of Agile Fixed-Wing UAVs
The use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) has become ubiquitous in a broadening range of applications, including many civilian uses. UAVs are typically categorized into two categories: conventional fixed-wing aircraft, which are associated with efficient flight over long distances, and rotor-craft, which are associated with short flights requiring manoeuvrability. An emerging class of UAVs, agile fixed-wing UAVs, are bridging the gap between fixed-wing and rotor-craft with efficient and manoeuvrable flight capabilities

Aircraft Interior Design
Topic: - An Integrated System for Transport Aircraft Cabin Interior Design and Certification by Analysis
The manufacturers of aircraft interior paid scant attention to crashworthiness of the different interior fittings, their main concerns were weight, space optimization and comfort. In 1984 the General Aviation Safety Panel was constituted to address safety issues for general aviation aircraft.

Effectiveness On Airport Security
Topic: - A Study on Factors Influencing the Performance ofAirport Security and on Responsibility Assignmentof Security Task at International Airports
There are four major parties responsible for aviation security activities at an airport: the government department responsible for civil aviation, the police, the airport operator, and aircraft operators who have contracts with security companies. There are also several categories of security tasks at airports such as passenger security screening, checked baggage security control, access control to restricted areas, cargo and mail security, and crisis management.

Sleeplessness Effect On Airline Crew
Topic: - Crew Schedules, Sleep Deprivation, and Aviation Performance
Night-time departures, early morning arrivals, and adjusting to several time zones in a matter of days can rattle circadian rhythms, compromise attention and challenge vigilance. And yet, these are the very conditions many pilots face as they contend with a technically challenging job in which potentially hundreds of lives are at stake.

24 Hours Air Traffic Simulations
Topic: - An Airspace Simulator for Air Traffic Management Research
Presently the airspacesystemhas reached capacity. Radicalchangesare requiredto take advantageof emerging technologies(to provide the dramaticincreasesinairspacecapacity) to accommodate the projectedincreasein air traffic demand

Model Approach Up To Accident Investigation
Topic: - Accident Analysis Models and Methods: Guidance for Safety Professionals
Understanding why accidents occur and how to prevent their recurrence is an essential part of improving safety in any industry.Gaining this knowledge requires determining why a certain combination of events, conditions and actions lead to a specific outcome, i.e. accident analysis

Incidents And Accidents
Topic: - Incidents and Accidents - an Overview
Incidents and accidents should be investigated immediately and any necessary corrective action taken

Accident Causation Model
Topic: - Hazard Analysis: The Accident Causation Model
The role of human factors in the accident causation process and reviews the various preventive measures (and their effectiveness) by which human error may be controlled, and their application to the accident causation model. Human error is an important contributing cause in at least 90% of all industrial accidents. While purely technical errors and uncontrollable physical circumstances may also contribute to accident causation, human error is the paramount source of failure

In-60-Rule
Topic: - Track Error and Range Calculation
The 1-in-60 rules is a basic rule of thumb used in air navigation. It states: One degree offset equals one nautical mile when sixty nautical miles from the origin

Aerobatics
Topic: - Predicting the Aerobatic Capabilities of Marginally Aerobatic Airplanes
Aerobatics, manoeuvres in which an aircraft is flown under precise control in unusual attitudes (the position of an aircraft determined by the relationship between its axes and a reference such as the horizon). A myriad of aerobatic manoeuvres exist, some of the better-known being rolls, loops, stall turns (hammerheads), and tail slides.

Disadvantages And Advantages Of Hub And Spoke Operations
Topic: - Disadvantages and Advantages of Hub and Spoke Operations
The Hub-and-spokes system was developed as one of the results from the US airline deregulation. Prior to establishing this system, airlines operated point-to-point routing which was often not cost efficient. The concept of the Hub-and-spokes system was to concentrate traffic to one airport- the major hub from smaller national airports (known as the spokes) or other means of transport, and then the gathered group of passengers would be transported from the major hub to another major hub

Control System And Guidance On Surface Movement
Topic: - Economic Aspects of Advanced Surface Movement Guidance and Control Systems (A-SMGCS)
Increased incidences of runway incursions and the negative effects of bad weather on airport throughput led to the development of Advanced Surface Movement Guidance and Control Systems (A-SMGCS). The basic levels of A-SMGCS primarily provide aerodrome air traffic controllers (ATCOs) with a weather independent display of the complete traffic situation and a basic runway safety net. Higher-level A-SMGCS will support ATCOs as well as pilots and vehicle drivers in the domains of traffic surveillance and control, routing (planning) and guidance in a holistic way.

Aerial Application
Topic: - Aerospace toxicology overview: aerial application and cabin air quality
Aerospace toxicology is a rather recent development and is closely related to aerospace medicine. Aerospace toxicology can be defined as a field of study designed to address the adverse effects of medications, chemicals, and contaminants on humans who fly within or outside the atmosphere in aviation or on space flights. The environment extending above and beyond the surface of the Earth is referred to as aerospace. The term aviation is frequently used interchangeably with aerospace

Aeronautical Chart
Topic: - Survey of Symbology for Aeronautical Charts and Electronic Displays: Navigation Aids, Airports, Lines, and Linear Patterns
The depiction of symbols, lines, and linear patterns on electronic displays ofcharting information with the goal ofpromoting safety and consistency. Aeronautical charting information is shown on paper charts and on many electronic flight deck displays as well. The lack ofconsistency across these products is ofconcern because pilots may use charting information from more than one source during a given operation. The use ofdifferent symbols has proliferated, it is possible to find one symbol used by different manufacturers to depict different information, as well as different symbols used to represent the same element.

Aerofoil
Topic: - Aerofoil Profile Analysis and Design Optimisation
The aerofoil section is the incarnation of a wing or a lifting surface which is very important in an airplane wing design. While the shape of the aerofoil changes, their aerodynamic characteristics also change

Aeronautical Decision Chart
Topic: - A New Approach to Aeronautical Decision-Making: The Expertise Method
The FAA has been involved in the development and implementation of training programs for aeronautical decision making (ADM) since 1973

Air India Flight Analysis
Topic: - Air India Limited: Project Report
Air India is the flag carrier airline of India, owned by AirIndiaLimited,agovernmentofIndiaenterprise.The airline operates a fleet of Airbus and Boeing aircrafts serving variousdomesticandinternationalairports.Ithasits headquarters located at the Indian Airlines House, New Delhi.

Pilot Training In Aeronautical
Topic: - Gaining Through Training: Pilot Proficiency in Modern Combat Aviation
The study of human factors has had a decisive impact on the aviation industry. However, the entire aviation system often is not considered in researching, training, and evaluating human factors issues especially with regard to safety. In both conceptual and practical terms, we argue for the proactive management of human error from both an individual and organizational systems perspective.

Human Performance Perspective On Aeromedical
Topic: - Human Error Perspectives in Aviation
As aircraft have become more reliable, humans have played a progressively more important causal role in aviation accidents, resulting in the proliferation of human error frameworks and accident investigation schemes. To date, however, few efforts have been made to systematically organize these different approaches based on underlying theoretical similarities, and formalized methods for evaluating the utility of these multiple approaches have not been clearly defined.

AIP Introduction
Topic: - AeronauticalInformationPublication
TheAIPformspartoftheIntegratedAeronautical InformationPackage. TheAIPismadeupofthreeparts,General(GEN),En-route (ENR)andAerodromes(AD),eachdividedinto sectionsandsubsectionsasapplicable,containingvarious types of information subjects

Air Safety
Topic: - Aviation Safety: Challenges and ways forward for a safe future
Aviation is generally seen as being the leader for safety in the four transport modes (air, rail, sea and road), and safety research helps maintain this position of confidence with passengers and businesses alike.

Bird Strikes: Air Safety
Topic: - Bird-Strike Aircraft Accidents and Their Prevention
Manyfactors,includingclimate,airport surroundings,andairportlocationinrelationtomigratory pathways,playapartinbirdstrikerates.Usingsuchdata, aviationauthoritieshave developedmanywaystokeepbirds awayfromaircraft.The majority of strikes happen close to airports and most countries haveregulationsthat requireairportmanagerstocontrolthe bird-strikeriskontheirproperty.

Aviation Airbags
Topic: - Airbag Performance in General Aviation Restraint Systems
In2003,airbagswerefirstcertificatedforpilotandco-pilotseatsongeneralaviation(GA)aircraft, and as of August 2010, they have been installed in nearly 18,000 seats in over 7,000 GA aircraft. In2006,theNationalTransportationSafetyBoard(NTSB)initiatedanexploratorycaseseriesstudytoconsider airbagperformanceinGAaccidents.

Aircraft
Topic: - Damage tolerance of bonded aircraft structures
A damage tolerance philosophy for bonded structures and repairs. It is proposed to assess the damage growth in bonded structures loaded mainly in shear with a generic strain elastic energy release rate concept. This concept has been validated on metal-to-metal and metal-to-composite bonding in metallic and hybrid structures.

Propulsion Aircraft Classified
Topic: - Commercial Aircraft Propulsion and Energy Systems Research Reducing Global Carbon Emissions
The primary human activities that release carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere are the combustion of fossil fuels (coal, natural gas, and oil) to generate electricity, the provision of energy for transportation, and as a consequence of some industrial processes. Although aviation CO2 emissions only make up approximately 2.0 to 2.5 percent of total global annual CO2 emissions, research to reduce CO2 emissions is urgent (1) because such reductions may be legislated even as commercial air travel grows, (2) because it takes new technology a long time to propagate into and through the aviation fleet, and (3) because of the ongoing impact of global CO2 emissions.
Topic: - The barriers toElectrical Propulsion
Despite the clear enthusiasm for electrically-propelled aircraft demonstrated by the plethora of new development programmes launched, a significant number of barriers remain, spanning market demand, technology, and regulation.

Lift Technology
Topic: - High-Lift Aerodynamics
High-lift systems are matured, robust and reliable components of a transport aircraft. Although facing nearly 100 years of history, there is an ongoing need of research in the aerodynamics of such systems due to changes in the requirements foraircraftdevelopment. Otherthaninformertimes,high-liftaerodynamicsresearchisnowadaysmoreincorporatedinto larger projects. It is therefore not as visible as before when dedicated high-lift projects were conducted, as e.g. the EC funded project EUROLIFT.

Aircraft Manufacturers
Topic: - The Aircraft Manufacturing Market Gained the Most Opportunities from the Civil and Military Airplanes Manufacturing Market
The aircraft manufacturing market is a sub-segment of the aircraft and aircraft parts manufacturing and repair & maintenance market. The aircraft and aircraft parts manufacturing and repair & maintenance industry consists of companies involved in developing prototypes and manufacturing or assembling of complete aircraft and aircraft parts. This industry also includes companies that provide modifications or conversions, repair, parts replacing, and complete overhauling and rebuilding of aircraft.

Aircraft Tires
Topic: - Aircraft Tire Temperature at Touchdown with Wheel Prerotation
Because of the skidding process that occurs when a heavy aircraft’s main landing gear tires touchdown, since the 1940s, a number of ideas have been patented to improve tire safety and decrease the substantial wear and smoke during every landing by spinning the gear wheels before touchdown.

Airmanship
Topic: - Airmanship - A qualitative approach
Airmanship is skill and knowledge applied to aerial navigation, similar to seamanship in maritime navigation. Airmanship covers a broad range of desirable behaviours and abilities in an aviator. It is not simply a measure of skill or technique, but also a measure of a pilot’s awareness of the aircraft, the environment in which it operates, and of hisher own capabilities

Airline List
Topic: - Lists of airlines
Lists of airlines are alphabetical by the name of the continent from which they operate. There are lists of airlines for all of the continents except for Antarctica, as no airlines are based there. There is only one list of airlines arranged by owner and it lists airlines that are owned by the government of a country. There are over 5000 airlines with ICAO codes. The world's largest airline by fleet size and passengers carried is American Airlines, operating from the United States

Airline Alliance
Topic: - Measuring the vulnerability of global airline alliances to member exits
The vulnerability of airline alliance route networks to the exit of member airlines. Vulnerability measures how easy it is to disconnect a network. The assessment is performed by applying the theory of complex networks. We compute the normalized vulnerability for Star Alliance, oneworld and SkyTeam using airline schedules data and derive a ranking of member airlines according to their share in the overall vulnerability of the respective alliance.

Airport Congestion
Topic: - Gridlock on the ground: How airlines can respond to airport congestion
As airports become congested, five trends emerge. When airlines understand those trends, they’re better prepared to respond. Most airline executives know that congestion is a growing trend and have a general sense of what to expect when a hub or home airport begins approaching maximum capacity.

Barrier To Board
Topic: - Critical Issues in Aviation and the Environment
A focus on the environment and sustainability plays an increasing role in the development and operation of aircraft and airports. As a result, the aviation industry is investing significant resources to understand and minimize the environmental impacts of aviation. Nevertheless, environmental issues have become a fundamental constraint to increasing aviation system capacity. Moreover, constrained capacity can further exacerbate certain environmental problems, such as noise and impacts on local air quality.

Decision Making On Airport Collaborative
Topic: - Enhancement of Airport Collaborative Decision Making through Applying Agent System with Matching Theory
The Collaborative Decision Making (CDM) paradigm attempts to improve the exchange of information among the various stakeholders involved in Air Traffic Management (ATM). It is aimed at efficient decision making in airport management. Although the processes of CDM are considered mature and well accepted, in many cases its focus is on the information sharing and is still not able to simultaneously involve essential agents such as Air Traffic Control (ATC) agency, airlines, and airport managers in the decision making.

Queuing System On Airport Flow
Topic: - Application of the Queuing Theory in Characterizing and Optimizing the Passenger Flow at the Airport Security
The unnecessary waiting time before the security checkpoints at the airports is a well-known issue. Provided by Bureau of Transportation Statistics, there were more than 36,285,000 passengers enplaned in 2015 from Chicago O’Hare Airport. Suggested by Dailymail, more than 400 passengers missed their flights at merely one night because of the extremely long queue.

Airport Master Planning
Topic: - A Study on the Master Planning in Airports
Airport provides a medium that helps people travel across countries and continents overcoming the geographical barriers and by providing a platform for economic opportunities and business enhancements. Over the past few decades, the airports have been drastically transformed to multi-platform zone that promotes to the economy of the country through tourism and by supporting the local citizens' business ventures. Airport Engineering deals with creative development of airport designs, planning and building and refurbishing of terminals, runways and navigational aids to provide the passengers a platform to explore.

Auditing And Assessment On Airport Operations
Topic: - Auditing and Assessment of airport operations human factors program
The human factors program will provide numerous benefits to the organization. To obtain the full value of such a program the airport organization needs to measure the effectiveness of the program and evaluate its internal processes. An organization's performance can be measured in a proactive way an audit program. The auditing and assessment process are an essential part of an organization's safety management system

Event Investigation On Human Factors Airport Operations
Topic: - Airport Operations Human Factors: Human Factors Training Program
Human factors training can address many issues which causes incidents or accidents during the day to day operations in an airport. The training provides necessary knowledge to understand the principles and procedures which should be integrated into the work environment. The human factors training in the important areas of airport operations increases the awareness levels of the personnel working in the corresponding environment

Airport Master Planning
Topic: - A Look into the Future of Airport Planning, Design, and Construction by Analysing Current Issues
As we look toward a new millennium in air transportation, we must also look at the past and the present. Future market forces that are impossible to predict will radically change the growth of the aviation industry, which is less than a century old. In order to analyse the aircraft of the future and the airports that will be compatible with these aircraft, one should look also at what the industry sees as the emerging issues

Alertness Management On Airport Operations
Topic: - Alertness management in 24/7 settings: Lessons from aviation
Round-the-clock operational requirements pose physiological challenges for human operators. Fatigue due to sleep loss and circadian disruption can reduce safety, performance quality, and alertness

Human Factors Training Program On Airport Operations
Topic: - Human Factors in Aviation
The study of Human Factors is about understanding human behaviour and performance. When applied to aviation operations, Human Factors knowledge is used to optimize the fit between people and the systems in which they work in order to improve safety and performance. Gain a comprehensive overview of the effect and management of Human Factors in aviation with this foundation course. The operational Human Factors knowledge gained on this course can also be applied to safety investigation activities.

Procedural Compliance On Airport Operations
Topic: - Airport Operations Human Factors: Procedural Compliance
The ramp activities happening in an airport involves a huge amount of human work and the personnel involved do a variety of jobs to ensure efficient and safe ramp operations. Occasionally there will be situations where the personnel employed may not be able to do his or her job in the required time frame which leads to some unwanted consequences like personal injury, aircraft damage, equipment damage, flight delays etc.

Injury Prevention On Airport Operations
Topic: - Accidents in Airports and Prevention
Airways had undergone a drastic evolution in the past decade, with aircrafts becoming the most widely used means of transport across the globe. But there are still many cases of unforeseen accidents that happen in airports, which could lead to the degradation of entire airways sector.

Beech 1990D
Topic: - Loss of Pitch Control DuringTake-off Air Midwest Flight 5481 Raytheon (Beechcraft) 1900D
TheaccidentinvolvingAirMidwest(doingbusinessasUSAirways Express) flight 5481, a Raytheon (Beechcraft) 1900D, N233YV, which crashed shortly after take-off from Charlotte-DouglasInternationalAirport,Charlotte,NorthCarolina.

Boeing 787 Advancements
Topic: - Boeing 787 Advancements
The Boeing 787 Dreamliner is a twin engine, medium sized aircraft owned and distributed by Boeing Company. The aircraft is advancement in history with its upgraded ergonomic design and stylish passenger comfort.

Aviation Applications On Blackberry
Topic: - Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning in Aviation
Artificial Intelligence allows airlines to better engage with customers through automated servicing and ancillary product offerings. This goes beyond everyday servicing to solve unexpected circumstances

Bush Flying
Topic: - Recruiting and training better ‘bush pilots’: a research-based approach
Because bush pilots operate on their own in remote areas, they have highly developed aviation knowledge and skills. Recruiting and training them presents peculiar challenges. Qualitative interviews with a group of pilots currently active in Africa revealed the characteristics of successful bush flyers and their orientation towards their profession and their employers.

Business Jets
Topic: - Structural Design of a Business Jet Winglet
Structural sizing of a winglet for the Falcon 10 was performed and is presented here.The aerodynamic profile of the winglet was taken from a previous study, which predicted an increase in range of 3.3% with an estimated weight increase of 52 kg.An investigation of the current structure layouts and materials used in the industry was conducted.Six loading cases were analysed to identify the most critical for the winglet, found to be negative and positive sideslip and gust.A finite element model was developed and used to size the structure.

Bombardier-8
Topic: - Building a World-Class Sustainable Business
Bombardier is truly a remarkable company. In more than 100 countries around the world, our products bring people together, support economic development and make cities more sustainable

Caffeine Aviation
Topic: - The effects of low dose caffeine on pilot performance
Pilots often use caffeine, in the form of coffee, during critical phases of flight to enhance performance. This study investigates the effects of low dose caffeine on pilots' performance during a crucial segment of flight. Thirty pilots were randomly divided into three groups (0mg/kg, 1mg/kg, & 3mg/kg of caffeine). The pilots performed two simulated instrument landing systems approaches. Caffeine was administered between the two flights and pilots' performances were measured and compared.

Challenges In Master Plan Process
Topic: - Challenges within the Master Plan Process
With fast growing air traffic and changes in the air transport industry (such as the deregulation of the aviation market) challenges however occurred for the Master Plan Process. The following challenges mainly concern the architectural design of an airport which make modifications at the traditional airport building necessary

Circadian Rhythms
Topic: - Aircrew Safety & Health Circadian Rhythm Disruption
Circadian rhythm is the internal biological clock that regulates body functions based on our wake/sleep cycle. It can be disrupted by changes in sleep pattern. Aircrew members may experience circadian rhythm disruption (specifically “jet lag”) as they work.

Effective Learning Characteristics
Topic: - Scenario Based Training in an Aviation Training Environment
Trends in aviation training (i.e., the changes in pilot instruction proposed by the industry training standards represent changes in the content and delivery of pilot instruction) indicate a shift from traditional maneuverer based training approach to incorporate training that is scenario based, which requires different skills and competencies.

Human Factors And Cockpit Design
Topic: - Human Factors and Cockpit Design
The evolution of cockpit design is credited to the advancement of Human Factors as a formal discipline. The definition of HF by Koonce (1979) reads “The study of the human’s capabilities, limitations, and behaviors and the integration of that knowledge into the systems we design for them with the goals of enhancing safety, performance, and the general well-being of the operators of the system

Cloud Education among Pilots
Topic: - Analysis of cloud best practices and pilots for the public sector
The Member States have taken very different approaches regarding cloud in terms of applications covered (citizen-type, employee-type, vertical, critical, sensitive), type of infrastructure (public cloud versus private cloud), relationships with e-government applications (development from scratch or just migration of existing applications), or global policy.

Cabin Crews
Topic: - Structured Debriefings in Aviation Simulations: A Qualitative Study on Basic Life Support Training for Cabin Crews
To develop quality cabin crews, trainings involve simulation-based education (SBE) with structured debriefings-a significant component which plays a critical role in optimising learning outcomes. Previous studies have empirically tested the efficacy of the DIAMOND-structured debriefing model and found significant improvement and retention of the cabin crews' knowledge and skills.

Cockpit Distractions And Interruptions
Topic: - Cockpit Interruptions and Distractions: Effective Management Requires a Careful Balancing Act
Managing more than one task at the same time is daily work in the cockpit operation. In generally, cockpit crew can efficiently deal with the demands of the concurrent tasks, but crew preoccupation with single task to the detriment of other tasks is one of the main causes for operational error in the cockpit. The most typical accident caused by crew preoccupation with one task to the detriment of another tasks is the aircraft crash of a Lockheed L1011 (Eastern Flight 401), the cause of this accident was that flight crew all focused on the landing gear indicator fault to the exclusion of monitoring the aircraft’s gradual descent, which eventually caused the crash.

Color Blindness
Topic: - Study on How Color Blindness Affects Pilots
Besides the unreliability of color vision tests for pilot candidates it is also often discussed, how well your color vision has to be to acquire a pilot’s license. Usually you have to have normal color vision—or at least almost perfect color vision—to pass the medical tests on the way to get a pilot’s license (color vision information for pilots). Any type of color blindness is a no go.

5 Types Of Communication In Aviation
Topic: - 5 Types of Communication Used in Aviation
Communication is the most important medium to understand one another. But the way we communicate with other people may vary based on the environment we are in. Aviation communication has five types: verbal, nonverbal, written, written and graphics, and human-machine and machine-machine communications.

Barriers In Flight Operations
Topic: - Improving the Continued Airworthiness of Civil Aircraft: A Strategy for the FAA's Aircraft Certification Service
A number of barriers, both internal and external, will make it difficult to implement the recommended safety management process. The FAA has accepted the challenge of making aggressive improvements in aviation safety over the next 10 years. This goal cannot be achieved unless the FAA's efforts to improve the safety management process include dedicated efforts to overcome these barriers

Aviation Communication
Topic: - The importance of communication in aviation
Aircraft is acknowledged as the most straightforward route for transportation on the planet. It is constantly utilized as a real and useful transportation across urban communities and countries. Subsequently the impact of aeronautics wellbeing on human life is fundamentally essential. It is likewise extremely essential to give a careful consideration and be mindful of any conditions that may influence the wellbeing issue in the field of aeronautics. Since the past aircraft crashes, it is evident that numerous aircraft calamities have been happened inside distinctive circumstances and causes. Communication difficulties and errors have been considered as a major factor in aircraft crashes.

Aircraft Marshalling Communication
Topic: - Aircraft Marshalling and Ramp Hand Signals
Learn the fixed wing aircraft marshalling and ramp hand signals based on the IATA Standards in the Airport Handling Manual (AHM) and IATA Ground Handling Manual (IGOM).

Analysis On Colgan Air 3407
Topic: - Colgan Air Flight 3407 accident analysis
Colgan Air, operating as Continental Connection Flight 3407 was a scheduled flight going from Newark Liberty International Airport (EWR) to Buffalo Niagara International Airport. It had a late departure at 9.20 PM EST using a Bombardier Dash-8 Q400 registered as N200WQ. The two-engine turboprop aircraft was owned and operated by Colgan Air with 74 seats. The flight crashed on approach to Buffalo on February 12, 2009 at 10.21 PM into a house in Clarence Centre, New York.

Documentation Management In Aviation
Topic: - Technical Documentation Challenges in Aviation Maintenance
The volumes of documentation make it easy to understand how documentation problems compound in Maintenance, Repair, and Overhaul organizations (MROs) where each aircraft must be maintained by maintenance documentation specific to the aircraft owner and registry number.

Effective Communication Skills In Aviation
Topic: - Barriers to Effective Communication: Implications for the Cockpit
The communication process encompasses every single part of our daily being. The use of both verbal and non-verbal communication is the very basis of how we converse, both on a personal and on a business level.

Cockpit Communication
Topic: - Analysing Cockpit Communication: The Links between Language, Performance,Error, and Workload
The importance of communication on the flight deckisdiscussedandanapplicationofanew computer-basedlinguisticmethodoftextanalysisis introduced.PreliminaryresultsfromaNASAB727 simulatorstudyindicatethatspecificlanguage variablesaremoderatelytohighlycorrelatewith individualperformance,individualerrorrates,and individualcommunicationratings.

Aviation Complacency
Topic: - Complacency in Aviation
Complacency is caused by the very things that should prevent accidents, factors like experience, training and knowledge contribute to complacency. Complacency makes crews skip hurriedly through checklists, fail to monitor instruments closely or utilize all navigational aids. It can cause a crew to use shortcuts and poor judgement and to resort to other malpractices that mean the difference between hazardous performance and professional performance

Connections between Airports and Railway
Topic: - Effects of Rail Stations at Airports
Rail stations at airports are at the hinge any time when considering interactions of (high-speed) rail and air passenger transports and especially both modes as complementary

CRM: Evolution and History
Topic: - What is Crew Resource Management?
Crew Resource Management can be defined as, “the effective use of all resources available to the flight crew, including equipment, technical / procedural skills, and the contributions of flight crew and others” (Taggart, 1994, p. 309). In the Early days, this definition would bear very little meaning to the pilot due to the ‘single pilot tradition in aviation’

Crew Resource Management
Topic: - Crew Resource Management: A Literature Review
The history of CRM, Crew Resource Management, or as originally titled, Cockpit Resource Management is relatively short by modern standards. Its history is almost as short as that of the Airline Deregulation Act, which occurred only one year prior to the commonly accepted beginnings of CRM

CRM Team work And Training Skills In Cockpit
Topic: - CRM Team work And Training Skills in Cockpit
Crew resource management (CRM) is commonly utilised within the aviation industry as an approach to augment teamwork skills. However, few studies have shown that the use of CRM methods do indeed lead to the development and use of these skills. Salas, Fowlkes, Stout, Milanovich & Prince (1999) conducted two evaluation studies on the effects of CRM training on naval aviators using a multiple assessment approach. Two studies were conducted due to identified extraneous variables, and the unavailability of a high fidelity simulator during Study One.

Paperless Flight Deck Danger
Topic: - Danger in Having a Paperless Flight Deck
Paperless flight decks are becoming increasingly popular with aircraft designers, manufacturers and operators, however change often brings a sense of panic and many professionals are voicing their concerns regarding the elimination of paper on the flight deck.

How Culture Affect Cockpit Communication
Topic: - Culture and how it Affects Communication in the Cockpit
Airlines are constantly becoming increasingly more multi-cultural. This mixture of cultures is having an effect on the communications within the airline, mainly in the cockpit. 25% of the pilots employed in Northern Europe are not nationals; this trend is mainly observed in low cost carriers. With the increasing emergence of low cost airlines, it can only be expected that the commonality of flight crews made up of different cultures will increase

Aviation Team Thinking Styles
Topic: - The Effectiveness of Teamwork Training on Teamwork Behaviours and Team Performance
From road construction crews and professional soccer squads to political parties and special operations corps, teams have become a ubiquitous part of today’s world. Bringing a group of highly-skilled individuals together is not sufficient for teams to be effective. Rather, team members need to be able to work well together in order for the team to successfully achieve its purposes

Pilots Depression
Topic: - A Lot of Pilots Have Depression Symptoms
A substantial proportion of airline pilots have symptoms of depression, according to a new anonymous survey. The study was prompted by the 2015 plane crash by a German wings co-pilot that killed 150 people. Later reports suggested the pilot was depressed. In the new study, published Thursday in the journal Environmental Health, researchers surveyed 1,850 commercial airline pilots from 50 countries and found that nearly 13% met the criteria for depression and slightly over 4% reported having suicidal thoughts over the past two weeks.

Aviation Industry Deregulation
Topic: - Effects of Deregulation in the Aviation Industry
Starting in the USA where deregulation of air transportation began in the late seventies, this trend was observable throughout Europe in the eighties and Australia at the beginning of the nineties. The major arguments for liberalisation were in general a reduction of capacity constraints and a simplified market access. Constitutional for these ideas is the theory of contestable markets which assumes the efficiency of competition with a free market entry and market exit. Therefore deregulation processes aim at providing a better, safer and more efficient industry.

DODAR
Topic: - DODAR
DODAR (or DORDAR) is an acronym for decision making. D – Diagnose (what is the problem), O – Options (hold, divert, immediate landing etc.), D – Decide (which option), A – Act or Assign (carry out selected option and assign tasks), R – Review (can involve addition of new information, and/or the ongoing result(s) of selected option), The additional R used by some organisations stands for Risk benefits. This would normally be included in options. DODAR is one of many primary decision making tools and can be represented as a circular flow, as the last step involves reviewing which may entail starting the process again. It covers the five main areas of decision making

Dust Storms
Topic: - Conscious Study Of Impact Of Dust Storm On Aviation And Airport Management
In airport it is very difficult to manage take-off and landing if there is an environment of dust storm. Apart from being a hazard and a nuisance to the overall public, mud storms and sand storms are hazards to aviation. Poor visibility and stormy winds are danger to airplane landing and kicking off at airport. A windstorm, or sand storm, may be an assortment of particles of dirt, or sand, smartly upraised to nice heights by a powerful and turbulent wind and also the visibility is reduced to below 1000m. The visibility is presumably to be at its worst throughout sunlight hours once the wind is at its strongest.

Diffusion Of Responsibility
Topic: - Diffusion of Responsibility
Diffusion of responsibility or bystander effect is a phenomenon where the more people who are present, the less responsibility any individual takes for a decision or action. It is normally observed in 2 ways. Firstly someone may witness an incident and fail to take any action as they assume that another witness will do so. They may fear losing face in front of the other witnesses, being superseded by a superior helper, offering unwanted assistance or believing the event is 'not real' or a prank. They may feel obedience to authority and assume that others may be more qualified to help and their intervention would be unneeded

Air Traffic Controllers Implications
Topic: - Development of Air Traffic Management Research Centre
Topreventorreducenegativeimpactsofincreasedtrafficdemand,itisnecessaryto exploreandprovidenewtechnicalandtechnological solutionswithintheairtraffic management system. These solutions should ensure optimal use of airspace in order to increase flight efficiency, improve air traffic safety, and enhance sustainability of air traffic management system

Distraction Management
Topic: - Distraction Management
Distraction is an important aspect of human factors, having contributed to many accidents and/or incidents in the history of aviation. It can be defined as a condition generated in the operating environment that affects or complicates the performance of a task or a crews compliance with applicable standards

Pilot: Drug Issues
Topic: - Designing a Pilot Study Protocol to Test Drug Issues
Substance abuse continues to be a challenging problem to society. While many drug and alcohol recovery programmes exist, some work better than others.

Introducing NLA Costs
Topic: - How Will New Large Aircraft Affect Airport Facilities
Aircraft characteristics have an important role on airport planning. Both the airport airside andlandside planning are based on operating characteristics of the aircraft which will be operated at the airport. On the airside, the representative aircraft will determine the runway length andwidth, the minimum separation between runways and taxiways, the geometric project of taxi-ways, andthepavementstrength.Additionally,environmentalissuessuchasnoiseandairpollutionarealsobasedontheaircraftwhichwillmakeuseoftheairport.Ontheterminalarea, aircraft characteristics will influence the number and size of gates, and consequently theterminal configuration. Finally, the aircraft passenger capacity will influence the size of facilities within the terminal – such as passenger lounges and passenger processing systems –, andthe size and type of the baggage handling system

Aircraft Noise Effects On Pilots
Topic: - The effect of interior aircraft noise on pilot performance
Human performance at work is central in many organizations. The quality of task performance has a major significance not only for productivity, but also for outcomes such as reliability and safety. Human error, as a field of study, is concerned with why people make mistakes or forget to do critical parts of their job.

Alcohol Effect on Body
Topic: - Alcohol and Human Performancefrom an Aviation Perspective
Alcohol is a widely used drug, and its abuse is a serious public health problem. Alcohol hasmany widespread effects on the body, and impairs almost all forms of cognitive function,suchas information processing, decision-making, attention and reasoning. Visual and vestibular functions are also adversely affected. The performance of any demanding task,suchasflyingan aircraft, isthusimpairedbytheeffects of alcohol. Many studies have shown a significant proportion of aircraft accidents associated with alcohol use. Alcohol increases the risk of spatial disorientation, hypoxia and poor +Gz tolerance.

Short-Haul Commercial Operations Fatigue Effects
Topic: - Pilot fatigue in short-haul operations: Effects of number of sectors, duty length, and time of day
The most important influences on fatigue were the number of sectors and duty length. These were associated with fatigue in a linear fashion. Time of day had a weaker influence, with lower levels at midday and increased fatigue later in the day. Fatigue was also higher during duties originating from an airport where pilots needed to position the night before and spend the night in a hotel.

Pilot’s Flight Experience
Topic: - Professional Pilot Studies
Given the vigorous competition among pilot applicants for entry-level professional flying positions, it is imperative that students enrolled in post-secondary flight education programs receive comprehensive instruction in relevant career topics. Rapid, dramatic industry advances in cockpit displays, long-range navigation systems, and crew resource management issues necessitate timely professional pilot curricula.

Egotism And Ego
Topic: - Egotism and Ego
Ego' derives from Latin and means 'I' but can also be understood to mean 'self'. The ego is what makes us who we are and what makes us different from everyone else. Our ego is not a fixed and can evolve as we get older and be altering by conscious choice. Our ego today is quite different from what it once was as a child. From birth our ego is rather concerned with the ourselves as we have little knowledge or insight. Food, care and attention are the most important issues in our lives. If we were to maintain this kind of ego through to adulthood then conducting operations as a pilot and as part of a crew would clearly not go smoothly

Emergency Landings
Topic: - An Emergency Landing Planner for Damaged Aircraft
Considerable progress has been made over the last 15 yearson building adaptive control systems to assist pilots in flying damaged aircraft. Once a pilot has regained control of a dam-aged aircraft, the next problem is to determine the best sitefor an emergency landing

World’s Most Secure Airlines
Topic: - Why Struggling Airlines Spend More on Safety
Every airline worth its salt claims to value passenger safety over and above all else. But, realistically, airlines must balance the often-conflicting imperatives of safety and profitability. Inevitably, moments will arise where executives ask not, “How safe can we possibly be?” but “How safe must we be?” or “How safe can we afford to be?” These tough, troubling questions are an inescapable fact of doing business in an industry centredon potentially hazardous technology

Emotional Labor
Topic: - Flight Attendants’ Emotional Labor and Exhaustion in the Airline Industry
Flight attendants constitute the majority of customer- service employees in the airline industry. Compared to their colleagues in other departments, flight attendants have more contact with passengers, and for longer periods of time. Within the airline industry, flight attendants are referred to as the first-line service attendants

Official Aviation Language
Topic: - Language in aviation: The relevance of linguistics and relevance theory
English and a semi-artificial sublanguage based on English play the dominant role as the means of communication in aviation, especially in the communication between pilots and air traffic controllers and in international contexts.

Global Warming Impact On Aviation
Topic: - The Impact of Climate Change on Aviation
The main expected impacts of climate change on aviation result from changes in temperature, precipitation (rain and snow), storm patterns, sea level and wind patterns. In addition, climate change is expected to lead to increased drought, impacts on the supply of water and energy, and changes in wildlife patterns and biodiversity. Consequences for aviation include reduced aircraft performance, changing demand patterns, potential damage to infrastructure, loss of capacity and schedule disruption

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